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Salamanca is a town in Cattaraugus County, in the Olean metro area.
Salamanca is in the Southern Tier region.[NOTE: This is not the only community in New York named Salamanca. For links to other places called Salamanca, NY, see the Duplicate Names box at right.]
The latitude of Salamanca is 42.169N. The longitude is -78.753W.It is in the Eastern Standard time zone. Elevation is 1,417 feet.
The population, at the time of the 2000 census, was 544.
Sections below provide additional information and links about Salamanca demographics, travel and tourism, nearby airports, cemeteries, the Cattaraugus County economy, education, environment, genealogy, government, historic sites, libraries, maps, museums, newspapers and other media, nonprofit groups, real estate, recreation, religion, transportation, and weather in the 14741 ZIP code.
26% of Salamanca residents report German ancestry, and 17% report Irish. For more info on local ancestry groups, see the Salamanca ancestry & family history guide.
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At the time of the 2000 census, the per capita income in Salamanca was $16,214, compared with $21,587 nationally.
13% of Salamanca residents age 25 and older have a bachelor's or advanced college degree.
Median rent in Salamanca, at the time of the 2000 Census, was $325. Monthly homeowner costs, for people with mortgages, were $820.
Cattaraugus County supported George W. Bush in the 2004 presidential election. For more information, see our Salamanca political report.
The average commute time for Salamanca workers is 22 minutes, compared with 26 minutes nationwide.
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