Profile for Roxbury, Massachusetts, MA
Turtle Pond Road in Stony Brook Reservation, Roxbury MA
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The community was named for its rocky surface.
Elevation is 161 feet.
Roxbury is the center of Black culture and also the geographic center of Boston.
The community was founded, as an independent entity, in 1630, by colonists from England.
In 1846, Roxbury was incorporated as a city. Twenty-two years later, in 1868, the city was annexed into Boston.
The area lost much of its population when many white residents left the city in the decades after World War II. In 1950, the neighborhood was 80 percent white. By 1980, it was 10 percent white.
Irish, English, and German immigrants dominated the neighborhood until the start of the 20th century.Jewish immigrants began arriving in the early 1900s.
Well-known residents have included:
· Malcolm X, civil rights leader
· William Lloyd Garrison, abolitionist
Historic sites and museums: Dillaway-Thomas House, Shirley-Eustis House
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